PERADABAN ISLAM PADA MASA NABI MUHAMMAD SAW PERIODE MEKAH

Tetti Rumondang, Darliana Sormin, Putri Uswatun, siti Aminah

Abstract


This study discusses Islamic civilization during the time of the Prophet Muhammad SAW Mecca Period. The purpose of this study was to find out what strategy the Prophet used in spreading Islam in Mecca. This type of research is library research. This research makes Library materials as its main data source. The results of the research obtained are, the early Islamic history passed by the Holy Prophetsa was very difficult because it had to be faced by the Quraysh tribe who controlled the city of Mecca. The followers of the Holy Prophetsa were relatively few and the main focus of the Holy Prophetsa in his early da'wah was to introduce the teachings of Tawhid. The focus of the Prophet's da'wah was to teach Islamic sharia and Islamic law. The implications of the discussion of Islamic history in the period of Mecca and Medina, as follows: a) Understanding Islam as a rahmatan lil alamin (mercy for all nature); and b) Understand Islam as a religion that loves tolerance, as in the event of Fathul Makkah the Holy Prophetsa still valued idolaters. And what strategy the Prophet used in spreading Islam in Mecca was by preaching secretly and openly.

References


Agustina Nora. 2018. Perkembangan Peserta Didik, Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama.

Al-Buthy, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan, Sirah Nabawiyah, Jakarta: Robbani Press, 2008.

Ali, A. Mukti., Alam Pikiran Islam Modern di India dan Pakistan Cet. IV; Bandung: Mizan, 1998

Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnyanya, Jakarta: J-ART, 2005.

Amuli, Jawadi, Nabi Saw dalam Al-Qur’an Jakarta: Al-Huda, 2009

Askari, Murtadha, Pengaruh Pemikiran Yahudi dalam Ranah Pemikiran Islam, Amini, Ibrahim, Mengapa Nabi Diutus, Jakarta: Al-Huda, 2006.

As-Sayyid, Kamal, 14 Sahabat Nabi dan Keluarganya, Jakarta: Pustaka Zahra, 2003.

Ayatullahi, Syed Mehdi, Nabi Muhammad Manusia Sempurna (Jakarta: Islamic Center Al-Huda, Falsafi, Taqi, Warna Warni Kehidupan Remaja dalam Islam, Bogor: Cahaya, 2003.

Hashem, H. Fuad, Sirah Muhammad Rasulullah Suatu Penafsiran Baru Bandung: Mizan, 1995.

Muthahhari, Murtadha, Filsafata Kenabian, Jakarta: Pustaka Hidayah, 1991.

Muthahhari, Murtadha., Gerakan Islam Abad XX (terjemahan) Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1986.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Muhammad Hambah Allah, Jakarta: Rajawali, 1986

Nasution, Harun., Islam Rasional: Gagasan dan Pemikiran Cet. IV; Bandung: Mizan, 1996.

Ordoni, Abu Muhammad, Fathimah Buah Cinta Rasulullah Saw Sosok Sempurna

Shadr, Baqir, Suksesi Kepemimpinan Pasca Nabi, Bangil: Yayasan Islam Al- Baqir, 1996.

Sukardja, Ahmad, Piagam Madinah dan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945: Kajian Perbandingan Tentang Dasar Hidup Bersama Dalam Masyarakat Yang Majemuk, Jakarta: UI Press, 1995.

Wanita Surga, Jakarta: Ansariyan Publications, 2011.

Ayurani, Isma, and Ferdiansah Ferdiansah. "PERAN LAYANAN KONTEN DALAM MENGATASI KESULITAN BELAJAR MEMBACA SISWA SMP SWASTA IT AL-MUNAWWAR HUTABALANG." Al-Muaddib: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman 6.1 (2021): 152-161.

Aziz, M., Sormin, D., Harahap, M. R., Siregar, A. K., Nasution, Z., & Napitupulu, D. S. (2022). Early Childhood Education in the Perspective of the Koran. International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, 14(3).

Siregar, Adek Kholijah. "PERAN PENGASUHAN AYAH TERHADAP MOTIVASI MENGHAFAL ALQURAN PADA ANAK DI TK ABA 2 KOTA PADANSIDIMPUAN." Al-Muaddib: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman 6.2 (2022): 346-352.

Ummatin, Ana Rosyidatu, Rini Agustini, and Dedi Yuisman. "Pola Asuh Keluarga Jama’ah Tabligh Dalam Membina Keluarga Sakinah." Al-Muaddib: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Dan Keislaman 6.1 (2021): 109-125.

Agustini, Rini, et al. "PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TALKING STICK BERBANTUAN MEDIA PAPAN FLANEL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENGENAL HURUF ANAK PADA RAUDATUL ATHFAL ARAFAH." Al-Muaddib: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman 7.1 (2022): 99-144.

Wahyuni, Sri, and Sigit Purnama. "Pengembangan Religiusitas melalui Metode Kisah Qur’ani di Taman Kanak-Kanak." Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini 5.1 (2020): 103.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1109 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 10148 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.