TINJAUAN GERONTOLOGI DALAM MENEREPKAN PERLAKUAN TERHADAP TAHANAN DAN NARAPIDANA LANJUT USIA DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN

Desman Agung Prasetya, Cahyawati Suratmo, Nur Ria Tri Jayanti

Abstract


Penerapan HAM untuk para narapidana lanjut usia mulai menjadi perhatian dunia. Hal ini dikarenakan belum terdapat peraturan Internasional yang mengatur secara khusus perlakuan tersebut. Untuk memperjuangkan peraturan Internasional tersebut di Indonesia sendiri terdapat tahanan dan narapidana lanjut usia berjumlah 4.843 orang yang membutuhkan perlakuan khusus. Oleh sebab itu kami melakukan kajian mengenai perlakuan terhadap narapidana lanjut usia ditinjau dari gerontologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan sebagai masukan Direktorat Jenderal Pemasyarakatan untuk mendorong terwujudnya peraturan Internasional tersebut. Penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai referensi dalam pembuatan naskah akademik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Analisis penelitian berupa penerapan gerontologi untuk menjunjung tinggi nilai HAM yang dalam keilmuan mempelajari bagaimana memberikan intervensi terhadap orang lanjut usia yang mempunyai banyak kebutuhan khusus, keterbatasan dalam bertindak dan berfikir ditambah dengan kemampuan dan penerimaan untuk menyesuaikan diri di lembaga pemasyarakatan. Gerontologi membimbing para petugas pemasyarakatan untuk tetap dapat menempatkan lanjut usia dalam posisi layak dan mendapatkan kebahagiaan dimasa-masa tua hidupnya. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini, dengan menganut gerontologi dalam HAM, lembaga pemasyarakatan harus memperhatikan perlakuan yang diberikan kepada tahanan dan narapidana lanjut usia yang sangatlah berbeda dengan narapidana biasa. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat terus dikembangkan dan dijadikan acuan dalam memberikan perlakuan kepada tahanan dan narapidana lanjut usia.

Keywords


gerontologi, HAM, lanjut usia, lembaga pemasyarakatan.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31604/justitia.v7i2.335-355

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